This jobs issue is what I was thinking about too. If the government subsidizes jobs for 5% of the populace that simply can’t find jobs, what are those people going to do? If it is something really useful, well then they should have already been getting paid to do it. If it’s not useful, what is the value? I hadn’t even thought of the third option that you bring up here: the job might actually be counter-productive destroying wealth. It could be better to just go with a UBI and let the individuals make the choices.