I don't disagree that GS programs play into the idea of inferiority, but I don't find the suggestion that the GS can be considered an origination point for inferiority as a cultural meme to be very credible. And neither should you. Blacks weren't doing *nicely* up until LBJ went hogwild. They were living as an oppressed, victimized, and often despised minority across the US. When LBJ with the prodding of Dr. King lifted the 400 year siege, yes, it allowed the emergence of overt symptoms and even amplified those symptoms, but it was not the underlying cause.