The whole idea of a party (gang) system is that a certain portion of the population will identify with that party out of hand. So of course the opposition will join in. There could be any number of people who do this in the early stages (multiple parties) but eventually it will boil down to two. Utilities are something like this, except they will devour one another until there's only one, due to economy of scale. I'm currently in Vermont. The state legislature here has three official parties: Dems, Pubs, Progressives. And don't get excited, the Progressives are not Democrat-lite, although undoubtedly they're closer to them than the Pubs. The Progressives only have five seats in the current legislature, as opposed to like 45 Pubs and 90 Dems. But it's a start and they have a real voice. And Vermont is truly a different world. I'm used to Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, and Kentucky mostly. I've lived elsewhere but those places are most familiar to me. Vermont has only 600K people. For contrast Virginia has 8M. I wish Richmond was capable of taking a few notes from Montpelier. Not all, just the good ones. But of course they won't. They'll claim the inability to, like "it's not comparable....blah blah blah." Of course not. Nothing is. Take the good, leave the bad. But that would put professional politicians out of work.