Agree with everything here. Though I will say that NATO as a whole has been piss-poor at thinking strategically with respect to helping Russia's economy--and specifically their defense industries. Millions of dollars have been forked over to Russian defense companies over the last decade because NATO doesn't want to finance Eastern Europe military modernization: they want to charge full price on new equipment. As a result: you see Romania hiring Russian contractors to modernize their helicopters and APCs; same with the Slovenians, Bulgarians, etc. There really should have been a more concerted effort made years ago for the US and Europe to work out favorable financing loans for Eastern Europe to purchase newer equipment from US/EU countries. It improves the alliance militarily and helps Western economies as well (and it's also what Russia and China do to land defense deals btw). If Germany is bound and determined not to spend 2% on their military, then agree to grant special financing for other countries to beef up their militaries and call it foreign aid. Really, this is something we should be doing too. Very surprised Trump hasn't retooled our import/export development bank to do just that...especially since he's made arms sales more of a priority.