White flour is essentially the same as sugar, although actually, sugar is a somewhat worse. However, very few people eat just sugar, but it and high fructose corn syrup (just as negative) are found in almost all processed foods that Americans eat. A very interesting study conducted years ago tested rats by feeding some only white sugar, and feeding a control group nothing except water. The rats who were fed sugar died before the rats who were starved to death. Studies such as this show why I am an anti-vivisectionist - to treat living things like objects, for example in the research that dropped cats from successively higher windows on sky scrapers, where it turned out that above about 30 floors, they relaxed completely rather than trying to catch themselves, and thus had fewer broken bones, but actually doing this to our fellow species is, from my perspective, both unethical and immoral. It is truly amazing the amount of cruelty that is justified in the name of "scientific research."